This is because of the political and economic modifications on the global and nationwide levels in city society which have led to the growth of export-based industries and the service sector, which then created extra opportunities for Filipino ladies. When Spain lost the Spanish–American War in 1898, the Philippines was ceded to the United States of America. The U.S.A. launched a brand new public training system which retained alternative to every baby regardless of gender. Some pre-colonial social constructions of the Philippines gave equal significance to maternal and paternal lineage. This bilateral kinship system accorded Philippine girls monumental energy inside a clan. Viewing these pictures within the UM archive allows.